Best Enemies Money Can Buy
Hitler To Saddam Hussein to Osama bin Laden - Insider Connections
and the Bush Family's Partnership with Killers of Americans
Brothers, Harriman - BNL- and the Carlyle Group
[© Copyright 2001.
All Rights Reserved, Michael C. Ruppert and From The Wilderness
May be reprinted or distributed for non-profit purposes
FTW, Oct. 9, 2001
- Since the Sept. 11 attacks on the World Trade Center and
the Pentagon, major media powerhouses and the increasingly
influential alternative media alike have begun to focus
attention on Bush family connections and a long history
of arming and financing America's attackers in the months
and years prior to the outbreak of war. Recent stories in
the Wall Street Journal (Sept. 27 & 28, 2001), ABC News
(Oct. 1, 2001), as well as a host of reports from so-called
alternative news sources have begun to focus attention on
the Bush family's profit-making role in creating and arming
The following is
a more comprehensive look at the documented history of these
relationships that will also open some new avenues of inquiry
for the press, Congress and the American people.
In a world now filled
with biowarfare agents, backpack nuclear devices, and chemical
weapons like Sarin gas -- where there are people in many
countries with reasons to oppose the United
States -- the Bush Administration
is following predictable strategies in a way that redefines
the concept of brinksmanship. Human survival may depend
upon the will and the ability of both the Congress and the
press to focus on these relationships and to take appropriate
action. Moreover - and I am not the first to say this -
if a national security priority is to seize the financial
assets of those who support terrorists, then perhaps we
should start right here at home.
including U.S. government records from the era, along with
contemporaneous news stories from the New York Times and
other papers is presented in the 1992 book entitled, "George
Bush, The Unauthorized Biography" by Webster G. Tarpley
& Anton Chaitkin, Published by The Executive Intelligence
Review and located at http://www.tarpley.net/bushb.htm.
The following is sourced entirely from Chapter II of this
essential work. [Note: Although FTW does not always agree
with conclusions reached by the Executive Intelligence Review,
or its founder Lyndon La Rouche, we have never found a single
flaw in any of their factual research. History is history,
no matter who presents it. And this history is essential
to understanding our era.]
George W. Bush's
grandfather, Prescott Bush, was the Managing Director of
the investment bank Brown Brothers, Harriman from the 1920s
through the 1940s. It was Brown Brothers, in conjunction
with Averell Harriman, the Rockefeller family, Standard
Oil, the DuPonts, the Morgans and the Fords who served as
the principal funding arm in helping to finance Adolph Hitler's
rise to power starting in 1923. This included direct funding
for the SS and SA channeled through a variety of German
firms. Prescott Bush, through associations with the Hamburg-Amerika
Steamship line, Nazi banker Fritz Thyssen (pronounced Tee-sen),
Standard Oil of Germany, The German Steel Trust (founded
by Dillon Read founder, Clarence Dillon), and I.G. Farben,
used the Union Bank Corporation to funnel vast quantities
of money to the Nazis and to manage their American interests.
The profits from those investments came back to Bush allies
on Wall Street. Thyssen is universally regarded as having
been Hitler's private banker and ultimate owner of the Union
Early support for
Hitler came from Prescott Bush through the Hamburg-Amerika
Steamship line -- also funded by Brown Bothers -- that funneled
large sums of money and weapons to Hitler's storm troopers
in the 1920s.
According to Tarpley
and Chaitkin, "In May 1933, just after the Hitler regime
was consolidated, an agreement was reached in Berlin for
the coordination of all Nazi commerce with the U.S.A. The
Harriman International Company... was to head a syndicate
of 150 firms and individuals, to conduct all exports from
Hitler Germany to the United States."
Furthermore, a 1942
U.S. government investigative report that surfaced during
1945 Senate hearings found that the Union Bank, with Prescott
Bush on the board, was an "interlocking concern" with the
German Steel Trust that had produced:
50.8% of Nazi Germany's pig iron
41.4% of Nazi Germany's universal plate
36% of Nazi Germany's heavy plate
38.5% of Nazi Germany's galvanized sheet
45.5% of Nazi Germany's pipes and tubes
22.1% of Nazi Germany's wire
35% of Nazi Germany's explosives
The business relationships
established by Bush in 1923 continued even after the war
started until they became so offensive and overt as to warrant
seizure by the U.S. government under the Trading with the
Enemy Act in 1942.
In 1942, "Under the
Trading with the Enemy Act, the government took over Union
Banking Corporation, in which Bush was a director. The U.S.
Alien Property Custodian seized Union Banking Corp.'s stock
"... all of which shares
are held for the benefit of... members of the Thyssen family,
[and] is property of nationals... of a designated enemy country."
"On October 28, the
government issued orders seizing two Nazi front organizations
run by the Bush-Harriman bank: the Holland-American Trading
Corporation and the Seamless Steel Equipment Corporation."
"Nazi interests in
the Silesian-American Corporation, long managed by Prescott
Bush and his father in law George Herbert Walker, were seized
under the Trading with the Enemy Act on Nov. 17, 1942..."
These seizures of Bush businesses were reported in a number
of American papers including The New York Times and The
Wall Street Journal.
Prescott Bush went
on to become an influential Republican Senator from Connecticut
who went on to be a regular golfing partner of President
Dwight Eisenhower. His attorneys were the lawyers John Foster
and Allen Dulles, the later became the CIA Director under
After becoming President
in January 1989, Prescott Bush's son, George Herbert Walker
Bush - father of our current President - authorized a series
of programs that not only armed Iraqi dictator Saddam Hussein
but also provided him with technology that assisted in his
development of chemical weapons like Sarin gas, and biological
weapons, which he still possesses. Apologists for Bush (the
elder) say that, after the Iran-Iraq War of the 1980s left
the region unstable, he was just trying to establish a new
balance of power. Not so. Bush directives and policies,
including relationships with the Bank of Credit and Commerce
International (BCCI), and the Banca Nazionale del Lavoro
(BNL) were directly and deliberately responsible for creating
the army the U.S. fought in 1991.
A story by Russ
W. Baker, in the March/April issue the Columbia Journalism
Review (CJR), provided
the most compelling overview of Iraqgate that I have
"ABC News Nightline
opened last June 9 with words to make the heart stop ‘It
is becoming increasingly clear,' said a grave Ted Koppel,
‘that George Bush, operating largely behind the scenes throughout
the 1980s, initiated and supported much of the financing,
intelligence, and military help that built Saddam's Iraq
into the aggressive power that the United States ultimately
had to destroy...
"Why, then, have
some of our top papers provided so little coverage?" Baker
" The result: readers
who neither grasp nor care about the facts behind facile
imagery like The Butcher of Baghdad and Operation Desert
Storm. In particular, readers who do not follow the story
of the Banca Nazionale del Lavoro, which apparently served
as a paymaster for Saddam's arms buildup, and thus became
a player in the largest bank-fraud case in U.S. history.
mind-boggling stories (from Iran-Contra to the S&L crisis
to BCCI) increasingly define our times: yet we don't appear
to be getting any better at telling them...
"Much of what Saddam
received from the West was not arms per se, but so-called
dual-use technology -- ultra sophisticated computers, armored
ambulances, helicopters, chemicals, and the like, with potential
civilian uses as well as military applications. We've learned
that a vast network of companies, based in the U.S. and
abroad, eagerly fed the Iraqi war machine right up until
August 1990, when Saddam invaded Kuwait.
"And we've learned
that the obscure Atlanta Branch of Italy's largest bank,
Banca Nazionale del Lavoro, relying partly on U.S. taxpayer-guaranteed
loans, funneled $5 billion to Iraq from 1985 to 1989. Some
government-backed loans were supposed to be for agricultural
purposes, but were used to facilitate the purchase of stronger
stuff than wheat. Federal Reserve and Agriculture department
memos warned of suspected abuses by Iraq, which apparently
took advantage of the loans to free up funds for munitions.
U.S. taxpayers have been left holding the bag for what looks
like $2 billion in defaulted loans to Iraq.
"... In fact, we now
know that in February 1990, then Attorney General Dick Thornburgh
[appointed by George H.W. Bush] blocked U.S. investigators
from traveling to Rome and Istanbul to pursue the case...
"... As New York Times
columnist William Safire argued last December 7, ‘Iraqgate
is uniquely horrendous: a scandal about the Systematic abuse
of power by misguided leaders of three democratic nations
[The U.S., Britain, and Italy] to secretly finance the arms
buildup of a dictator."
While Democrat Henry
Gonzales, Chairman of the House Banking Committee during
the period, stood as the lone voice from the wilderness
in raising alarms about Bush's obvious corruption, the rest
of the Congress sheepishly ignored all the signs demanding
immediate action. Gonzales' voice reportedly fell silent
after his empty car was machine-gunned in a Washington suburb
in what passed for a drive-by shooting.
continues: "Meanwhile, The Village Voice published a major
investigation by free-lancer Murray Waas in its December
18, 1990 issue... "That American troops could be killed or
maimed because of a covert decision to arm Iraq,' Waas wrote,
"is the most serious consequence of a U.S. foreign policy
formulated and executed in secret, without the advice and
consent of the American public..."
The L.A. Times, on
Feb 23, 1992, dug deep enough to find secret National Security
Decision Directives by the Bush Administration in 1989 ordering
closer ties with Baghdad and paving the way for $1 billion
in new aid. The Times' series, co-authored with Waas, emphasized
that, "buried deep in a 1991 Washington Press piece - that
Secretary of State James Baker, after meeting with Iraqi
foreign minister Tariq Aziz in October 1989, intervened
personally to support U.S. government loans guarantees to
report also noted, "On October 3, the [Wall Street] Journal
reported [BNL official Christopher] Drogoul's assertion
that the director general of Iraq's Ministry of Industry
and Military Production had told him, ‘We are all in this
together. The intelligence service of the U.S. government
works very closely with the intelligence service of the
Iraqi government.' Three weeks later, the Journal reported
that [Henry] Gonzales ‘produced a phone-book-sized packet
of documents' showing the involvement of U.S. exporting
firms... The documents mentioned one... which designed parts
for Iraq's howitzers and was financed through BNL..."
In the wake of highly
suspicious anthrax outbreaks in Florida, just miles from
where several of the WTC suicides pilots trained, we add
one final note. In his 1998 book "Bringing the War
Home" author William Thomas writes, " Under that same
[weapons transfer] program, 19 containers of Anthrax bacteria
were supplied to Iraq in 1988 by the American Type Culture
Collection company, located near Fort Detrick, MD, the site
of the US Army's high security germ warfare labs."
The Carlyle Group,
the Bushes and bin Laden
The warnings about
the Carlyle Group, the nation's 11th largest defense contractor,
and the Bushes came long before the World Trade Center attacks.
The Carlyle Group is a closely held corporation, exempt,
for that reason, from reporting its affairs to the Securities
and Exchange Commission. Little is known of what it actually
does except that it buys and sells defense contractors.
As of October 4, 2001, it has removed its corporate web
site from the World Wide Web making further investigation
through that channel impossible. Its Directors include Frank
Carlucci, former Reagan Secretary of Defense; James Baker,
former Bush Secretary of State; and Richard Darman, a former
White House aide to Ronald Reagan and Republican Party operative.
On March 3, 2001,
just weeks after George W Bush's inauguration, the conservative
Washington lobbying group Judicial Watch issued a press
release. It said:
Judicial Watch, the public interest law firm that investigates
and prosecutes government abuse and corruption, called on
former President George Herbert Walker Bush to resign immediately
from the Carlyle Group, a private investment firm, while
his son President George W. Bush is in office. Today's New
York Times reported that the elder Bush is an "ambassador"
for the $12 billion private investment firm and last year
traveled to the Middle East on its behalf. The former president
also helped the firm in South Korea.
"The New York Times
reported that as compensation, the elder Bush is allowed
to buy a stake in the Carlyle Group's investments, which
include ownership in at least 164 companies throughout the
world (thereby by giving the current president an indirect
benefit). James Baker, the former Secretary of State who
served as President George W. Bush's point man in Florida's
election dispute, is a partner in the firm. The firm also
gave George W. Bush help in the early 1990's when it placed
him on one of its subsidiary's board of directors.
"This is simply
inappropriate. Former President Bush should immediately
resign from the Carlyle Group because it is an obvious conflict
of interest. Any foreign government or foreign investor
trying to curry favor with the current Bush Administration
is sure to throw business to the Carlyle Group. And with
the former President Bush promoting the firm's investments
abroad, foreign nationals could understandably confuse the
Carlyle Group's interests with the interests of the United
States government," stated Larry Klayman, Judicial
Watch Chairman and General Counsel.
now bound to be raised if the recent Bush Administration
change in policy towards Iraq has the fingerprints of the
Carlyle Group, which is trying to gain investments from
other Arab countries who [sic] would presumably benefit
from the new policy," stated Judicial Watch President
Judicial Watch noted
that "even the Clinton Administration called on the Rodham
brothers to stop their business dealings in [The former
Soviet Republic of] Georgia because those dealings started
to destabilize that country."
Since the WTC attacks
the Wall Street Journal has reported (Sept. 28, 2001) that,
"George H.W. Bush, the father of President Bush, works for
the bin Laden family business in Saudi Arabia through the
Carlyle Group, an international consulting firm." The senior
Bush had met with the bin Laden family at least twice in
the last three years - 1998 and 2000 -- as a representative
of Carlyle, seeking to expand business dealings with one
of the wealthiest Saudi families, which some experts argue,
has never fully severed its ties with black sheep Osama
in spite of current reports in a mainstream press that is
afraid of offending the current administration.
The Nation, on March
27, 2000 - in a story co-authored by David Corn and Paul
Lashmar - wrote, "In January former President George Bush
and former British Prime Minister John Major paid a social
call on Saudi Arabian Crown Prince Abdullah..." This story
confirms at least one meeting between the elder Bush and
Saudi leaders, including the bin Ladens. That the bin Ladens
attended this meeting was confirmed in a subsequent September
27, 2001 Wall Street Journal (WSJ) story. The January 2000
meeting with the bin Ladens was also later confirmed by
Bush (the elder's) Chief of Staff Jean Becker, only after
the WSJ presented her with a thank you note sent by Bush
to the bin Ladens after that meeting.
James Baker visited
the bin Ladens in 1998 and 1999 with Carlyle CEO Frank Carlucci.
The WSJ story went
on to note, "A Carlyle executive said that the bin Laden
family committed $2 million through a London investment
arm in 1995 in Carlyle Partners II Fund, which raised $1.3
billion overall. The fund has purchased several aerospace
companies among 29 deals. So far, the family has received
$1.3 million back in completed investments and should ultimately
realize a 40% annualized rate of return, the Carlyle executive
"But a foreign financier
with ties to the bin Laden family says the family's overall
investment with Carlyle is considerably larger..."
In other words, Osama
bin Laden's attacks on the WTC and Pentagon, with the resulting
massive increase in the U.S. defense budget have just made
his family a great big pile of money.
More Bush connections
appear in relation to the bin Ladens. The WSJ story also
notes that, "During the past several years, the [bin Laden]
family's close ties to the Saudi royal family prompted executives
and staff from closely held New York publisher Forbes, Inc.
to make two trips to the family headquarters, according
to Forbes Chairman Caspar Weinberger, a former U.S. Secretary
of Defense in the Reagan administration. ‘We would call
on them to get their view of the country and what would
be of interest to investors.'"
Bush pardoned Weinberger for his criminal conduct in the
Iran-Contra scandal in 1989.
Our current President,
George W. Bush has also had -- at minimum -- indirect dealings
with Carlyle and the bin Ladens. In 1976 his firm Arbusto
Energy was funded with $50,000 from Texas investment banker
James R. Bath who was also the U.S. investment counselor
for the bin Laden family. In his watershed 1992 book, "The
Mafia, The CIA and George Bush," award winning Texas investigative
journalist Pete Brewton dug deeply into Bath's background,
revealing connections with the CIA and major fraudulent
activities connected with the Savings & Loan scandal
that took $500 billion out of the pockets of American taxpayers.
A long-time friend of George W. Bush, Bath was connected
to a number of covert financing operations in the Iran-Contra
scandal, which also linked to bin Laden friend Adnan Khashoggi.
One of the richest men in the world, Khashoggi was the arms
merchant at the center of the whole Iran-Contra scandal.
Khashoggi, whose connections to the bin Ladens is more than
superficial, got his first business break by acting as middle-man
for a large truck purchase by Osama bin Laden's older brother,
Another key player
in the Bush Administration, Deputy Secretary of Defense
Richard Armitage, left his post as an Assistant Secretary
of Defense in the Reagan Administration after a series of
scandals connected to CIA operatives Ed Wilson, Ted Shackley,
Richard Secord and Tom Clines placed him at the brink of
criminal indictment and jail. Shackley and Secord are veterans
of Vietnam operations and have long been linked to opium/heroin
smuggling. The Armitage scandals all focused on the illegal
provision of weapons and war materiel to potential or actual
enemies of the U.S. and to the Contras in Central America.
Armitage, a former
Navy SEAL, who reportedly enjoyed combat missions and killing
during covert operations in Laos during the Vietnam War,
has never been far from the Bush family's side. Throughout
his career, both in and out of government, he has been perpetually
connected to CIA drug smuggling operations. Secretary of
State Colin Powell, in a 1995 Washington Post story, called
Armitage, "my white son." In 1990, then President Bush dispatched
Armitage to Russia to aid in its "transition" to capitalism.
Armitage's Russian work for Bush has been frequently connected
to the explosion of drug trafficking under the Russian Mafias,
which became virtual rulers of the nation afterwards. In
the early 1990s Armitage had extensive involvement in Albania
at the same time that the Albanian ally, Kosovo Liberation
Army was coming to power and consolidating its grip, according
to The Christian Science Monitor, on 70% of the heroin entering
western Europe. [See FTW Vol. II, No 2 - April 24, 1999]
Armitage and Carlucci
are both Board Members of the influential Washington think
tank, the Middle East Policy Council.
The connections continue
with Vice President Dick Cheney. Amongst the multitude of
oil pipeline construction running through the new war zone
is one project - according to a Sept. 19, 2001 Wall Street
Journal story - a joint venture in which the bin Laden family
joined with the construction firm H.C. Price. A researcher
named "Phoenix," writing for the Internet news site Rumor
Mills News Agency located at www.rumormillnews.com,
reported that Price subsequently changed its name to Bredero
Shaw, Inc. and is now owned by a subsidiary of the Halliburton
Corporation, Dresser Industries. It was Dresser industries
that gave George H.W. Bush his first post war job in 1948.
A check of the relevant corporate web sites has confirmed
Vice President Dick
Cheney, who served as Secretary of Defense during Desert
Storm, directing the campaign against Saddam Hussein, was
Halliburton's CEO until last year's election.
And, according to
a 2000 story from Harper's Magazine, in 1990 our current
President, through a position as a corporate director of
Caterair, owned by the Carlyle Group - at a time when the
bin Laden's were invested in Carlyle - had additional connections
to the bin Laden family. In addition, on March 1, 1995,
when George W. Bush was Texas governor and a senior Trustee
of the university, the University of Texas Endowment voted
to place $10 million in investments with the Carlyle Group.
As to how much of that money went to the bin Ladens we can
only guess. But we do know that there is a long tradition
in the Bush family of giving money to those who kill Americans.
Now, as the people
of America are beginning to awaken to what is really being
unleashed upon them, as a few brave souls are asking who's
going to get all the money the Bush Administration is "borrowing"
from government coffers and who's going to pay for it -
the above history is more than ominous.
during the 1980s, under the pretext of fighting a Sandinista
regime in Nicaragua that never once launched an attack on
the U.S., these same people oversaw an explosion in U.S.
cocaine consumption that went from 80 metric tons in 1979
to 600 metric tons in 1989 - considering that the CIA trained
and equipped death squads that tortured and murdered hundreds
of thousands of people from Guatemala to Panama - considering
that these same people have brutalized Iraq, leaving portions
of it radioactively contaminated by depleted uranium for
the next 4 billion years and causing a fivefold increase
in the number of childhood leukemia cases amidst a starving
population, one can only wonder what they will produce for
the world now given the context of the World Trade Center